Purple Martins is a large swallow in North America, a bird's nest that has been completed in the 20th century. They rely almost entirely on humans to provide nesting sites, especially in eastern North America, where population density is higher. Martins actually thrives near humans! To make matters worse, the population of Purple Martin is also surpassed by the European ostrich, which is also a nesting bird, and sometimes actively surpasses Martin's house through violent force. However, these wonderful birds have been doing a lot of scientific research, so now as a landlord of birds is very simple!
So where do you start? Ok, first create a purple Martin bird house or gourd! Purple Martin housings come in a variety of shapes, sizes and prices, so everyone has a house with a budget and commitment level. If you are more adventurous and want to get more out of your work, try a multi-room chalet on a telescopic pole system. These huge bird houses are the apartments of the entire colony of Purple Martins, but the smaller plastic gourds are more expensive and difficult to maintain. However, they are very aesthetically pleasing, especially when there are dozens of birds coming in and out!
The following are some suggestions for establishing and maintaining the Purple Martin Palace:
- Keep the bird house away from the trees. There should be no trees that are taller than the 60 feet of the house and pole in any direction.
- The height of the pole should be 12 to 20 feet, and you need a pole guard to keep the raccoons and other predators sheltered.
- If you don't have a protective cover, consider a deeper, larger compartment that will keep the nest away from the predator.
- If there are trees around, try installing the house above the tallest trees* in the area around *.
- You need at least 24 nesting compartments to ensure that the colony prospers in your location.
- An entrance hole greater than 6" x 6" would be an unpleasant, unwelcome public invitation to Starling or Sparrow.
- Use exclusion doors or crescent-shaped gourds to prevent ostriches and sparrows from invading the nest and causing serious damage.
- You will notice that all purple Martin bird houses are white, for good reason. White reflects the heat of summer, keeping the inner nest cool.